Francis Giesler Newton

British architect and excavator; he was born in Ipswich, 4 April 1878, son of Francis
Edward N., clergyman, and Ellen Giesler; educated Repton, RA Schools and as a
student of Sir Aston Webb; he practised as an architect for several years then helped
Ashby to plan the Roman ruins at Caerwent, 1906; he next studied monuments in
Rome, 1907, and went to Sardinia with Ashby and Duncan Mackenzie to plan nuraghi,
1908; he accompanied the latter to Syria and explored Moab in search of megalithic
monuments and excavated at Beth Shemesh for the PEF; at this time he also made the
first complete measured drawings of some of the finer rock-tombs and seems to have
become acquainted with Egypt; he served in the Hon. Artillery Company during the First
World War; he was regularly with the EES expedition to El-Amarna, 1920-4, assisting in
the excavation and making plans of a vast area of the city; he also accompanied the joint
expedition of the British Museum and Pennsylvania University to Ur of the Chaldees
under Woolley (q.v.), 1922-3; in addition he spent several weeks planning and surveying
for Sir Arthur Evans (q.v) at Knossos, 1923-4; appointed Director of Excavations at El-
Amarna just before his death; although he left no book or major work in his own name
much of his results can be found in the City of Akenaten, vol. i, and similar publications
by other archaeologists who used his excellent drawings and plans which were of an
exceedingly high order; his remarkable coloured drawings of the mural paintings at
El-Amarna were published as a memorial volume, see below, in 1929; his papers and
drawings are in the Griffith Institute, Oxford; Newton was taken ill during an epidemic
while directing his last expedition at El-Amarna and died in Asyut, 25 Dec. 1924.