Saft el-Hinna

Alternative site names: 
Saft el Hinna; Saft el Hinna; Saft el-Henna; Saft el Henna; Saft el-Henneh; Saft el Henneh; Saft el-Hinna; Saft el Henneh
Arabic site names: 
صفط الحنّا
Site description: 

Saft el-Hinna is located in the eastern Delta, at the Pelusiac branch of the Nile, east of modern Zagazig. Its ancient name was Per-Sopdu/Per Soped, “The Domain of Sopd”, also known in the Late Period as Kes, and in Greek as Phacusa, and was the capital of the 20 th Lower Egyptian nome. A modern town is located on top of the ancient ruins and the mudbrick has been used as agricultural fertilizer.

Close to the Ismailiyeh canal, the site was explored by Edouard Naville in 1885 who recovered significant sculptural and architectural fragments including: statue fragments of Ramesses II, a granodiorite naos of Nectanebo I, dedicated to Sopd, and a black granite stele of Ptolemy Philadelphus. Visible during this excavation was the Roman street plan. The temple enclosure was built from mud brick and measures 75x40 m but several uninscribed basalt blocks also came from this area.  A cemetery is located south of Saft el-Hinna and north of the village Suwa. 

Type of site: 
Temple (Late Period-30th Dynasty)
Excavation season: