This series of cemeteries and tombs are located on the west bank of the Nile. Especially notable are the rock-cut tombs of local governors from the Middle Kingdom.
The most important tomb is a large undecorated tomb of three chambers, with three burial pits. A number of smaller tombs were also found in the same area. Most of these tombs were plundered in antiquity, although the tomb of the two brothers Nekht-Ankh and Khnum-Nakht was excavated by Petrie and discovered intact.
Catalogue of Egyptian antiquities : found by Prof. Flinders Petrie and students at Gizeh and Rifeh, 1907 ; exhibited at University College, Gower St., London, July 1st to 27th / British School of Archaeology in Egypt. 1907. London : BSAE.
Griffith, F. L. 1889. The inscriptions of Siût and Dêr Rîfeh. London: Trübner.
Murray, Margaret Alice 1910. The tomb of two brothers. Manchester : Sherratt & Hughes.
Petrie, W. M. Flinders 1907. Gizeh and Rifeh. British School of Archaeology in Egypt and Egyptian Research Account 13 (13th year). London: British School of Archaeology in Egypt; Bernard Quaritch.