El-Kab was the site of human activity from 6000 BCE but was an important Predynastic and Early Dynastic settlement in parallel with Hierakonpolis, which is located across the Nile. The town is enclosed by massive mud brick walls and contains the principal temple of Nekhbet, the vulture goddess and one of the tutelary goddesses of Egyptian kings. Likely as a result of the deity, construction and restoration of temples and buildings was undertaken by kings, especially in the Middle Kingdom, especially under Thutmose III and Amenhotep II.
The funerary instillations span all time periods, there is an extensive Predynastic cemetery, mastabas and tombs from the Old Kingdom and tombs from the First Intermediate Period, Middle and New Kingdoms.
Catalogue of antiquities from excavations at Deshasheh and Behnesa (Egypt Exploration Fund) and El Kab (Egyptian Research Account) : exhibited at University College, Gower St., London, July 1st to 31st 1897. 1897. London : Egypt Exploration Fund.
Clarke, Somers 1922. El-Kâb and its temples. Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 8 (1/2), 16-40.
el-Alfy, Amal M. Safwat. 1985. El Kab. Cairo: Egyptian Antiquities Organization Press.
Naville, Edouard, J. J. Tylor, and F. Ll. Griffith 1894. Ahnas el Medineh (Heracleopolis Magna): with chapters on Mendes, the nome of Thoth, and Leontopolis / The tomb of Paheri at El Kab. Memoir of the Egypt Exploration Fund 11. London: Egypt Exploration Fund