These extensive cemeteries date from the Predynastic through the New Kingdom. The majority of the tombs were simple shaft burials.
Catalogue of Egyptian antiquities: found by Prof. Flinders Petrie and students at Tarkhan, Riqqeh and Memphis, 1913 ; exhibited at University College, Gower St., London, June 30th to July 26th / British School of Archaeology in Egypt. 1913. London : BSAE.
Engelbach, R. 1915. Riqqeh and Memphis VI. British School of Archaeology in Egypt and Egyptian Research Account  (19th year). London: School of Archaeology in Egypt; Bernard Quaritch.