Deir el-Bahri

Alternative site names: 
Deir el-Bahari; Deir el Bahri; Deir el-Bahari; Deir el Bahari; Deir al-Bahari; Deir al Bahari; Deir-el Bahari; Deir-el-Bahari; Thebes
Arabic site names: 
دير البحري
Site description: 

This archaeological site is a complex of mortuary temples and tombs located on the west bank of the Nile. It is separated from the Valley of the Kings by the peak of el-Qurn and lies directly across the water from the temple complexes at Karnak and Luxor in Thebes. The site was traditionally connected with the goddess Hathor.

The site includes three mortuary temples of Middle and New Kingdom and several royal and non-royal tombs. The main temples include mortuary temples Mentuhotep II and Hatshepsut, and the temple of Amun by Thutmose III.

In the mortuary temple of Mentuhotep II there were six tombs with shrines for royal ladies with finely carved sarcophagi with scenes of daily life and the presentation of offerings. Many of Mentuhotep’s officials were buried in tombs excavated from the cliffs around his mortuary temple.

The mortuary temple of Hatshepsut is the best preserved of the three, the largest and more impressive at the site. Her temple is clearly inspired by that of Mentuhotep II and was built so that the colonnades at each side of the central ramp correspond with two levels of his mortuary temple. Hatshepsut’s mortuary temple shows signs of adaptation during the Ptolemaic period.

A cache of 163 reburied mummies of the Priest of Amun were also found in a tomb in the Bab el-Gasus area of Deir el-Bahri.

Type of site: 
Mortuary temple
Mortuary temple (11th Dynasty, 18th Dynasty, 19th Dynasty)
Excavation season: