1894-95 Alexandria

Type of fieldwork: 
Excavation
Season summary: 

The excavation started in February and lasted more than two months with financial support coming from both the EES and the Hellenic Society and archaeological expertise from both Bensen and Beven who were from the British School of Athens.

In order to explore the plan of the ancient city which lies underneath the modern one, Hogarth sank vertical shafts guided by Strabo's description of the ancient city. Hogarth was looking for specific buildings such as the royal palace, the Caesareum, the gymnaseum, the tomb of Alexander, and the Mouseion. Some finds like ceramics, architectural fragments, and a mosaic were recovered. The were also excavations at Kom el-Dikka which were accomplished by tunneling through the mound. 

Bensen and Beven concentrated on cemeteries: at Hadra near the railway station, east of the Canopic Gate, and at Sidi Gabr. At Hadra many of the tobs were water-logged and had been plundered. They did recover ceramics, lead coffins, a bronze chaplet and some other amulets. The tombs to the east of the Canopic Gate had also been plundered but pottery and amphora were recovered. At Sibi Gabr, the excavation revealed the architecture of a shaft tomb.

 

 

 

Archive Documents

Relevant publications: 

Hogarth, David George and Edward Fredrick Benson. 1895. Report on prospects of research in Alexandria: with note on excavations in Alexandrian cemeteries. Archaeological Report (Egypt Explortaion Fund) 1894-1895, 1-33.

Additional archive material: 
London, Lucy Gura Archive, Egypt Exploration Society
Related excavations: 
Distribution destinations: