Tell el-Yahudiya

Alternative site names: 
Tell el Yahudiya; Tell el-Yahudiyeh; Tell el Yahudiyeh; Tell el-Yahoudeyya; Tell el Yahoudeyya; Tell el-Jahudija; Tell el-Jehudija; Tell el-Yahoudiya; Tell el-Yahudieh; Tell el-Yehoudieh; Onias; Heliopolitan Leontopolis
Arabic site names: 
تلّ اليهودية
Site description: 

The enigmatic rectangular earthwork enclosure, is sometimes known as the “Hyksos camp”, which dates from the late Middle Kingdom to the Second Intermediate Period has an unknown purpose. It has been postulated that the purpose is a military fortification, potentially for the Hyskos,  but equally it could be religious. A colossal statue of Ramesses II suggest that a temple of that date was built in the north-eastern part of the enclosure, while a temple of Ramesses III of the 20th Dynasty, decorated with colourful faience tiles, was erected in the western part. Finds from the palace include faience tiles with images of flowers, plants, flowers, rosettes, animals and hieroglyph motifs.

Outside the enclosure, the temple and town that was granted to the exiled Jewish Priest Onias by Ptolemy VI Philometor is located. There are cemeteries dating from the Middle Kingdom onwards at the site. 

Type of site: 
Earthenwork structure; temple; town; cemeteries
Earthenwork structure (late Middle Kingdom-2nd Intermediate Period); temple (19th Dynasty-20th Dynasty); town (Graeco-Roman Period); cemeteries (Middle Kingdom-Graeco-Roman Period)
Excavation season: