Cairo, Egyptian Museum

Current name(s) of destination(s): 
Cairo, Egyptian Museum
Destination category: 
Institutional history: 

The Egyptian Museum in Cairo was established by Muhammad Ali Pasha and the Museum was relocated to the Ministry of Public Education at the Citadel, where objects were intermittently given away. Said Pasha presented the remaining objects in this first collection to Archduke Maximilian Joseph of Austria-Este in 1855, which were then given to the Kunsthistorisches Museum in Vienna.

By 1863, a new museum, the Museum of Egyptian Antiquities was opened at Bulaq by Auguste Mariette but flooding in 1878 damaged the building and the collections were moved in 1891 to a former royal palace in Giza. By 1893 in order to address lack of storage and unsuitable display conditions a new museum was planned to house the antiquities in Tahrir Square that was finally completed in 1902.

Material from British excavations that was retained in Cairo may have found its way elsewhere because of the sale room in the museum. With the construction of two new large museums in Cairo in the early 21st century - the National Museum of Egyptian Civilisation (NMEC) and the Grand Egyptian Museum (GEM) - the Cairo Museum's collection has begun to be split up. 

Notes on distribution: 

Excavated objects from the British School of Archaeology in Egypt's work at Mostagedda were included in the first displays of the National Museum of Egyptian Civilisation (NMEC) when it opened in Fbruary 2017.

Related archive documents

Destination location: 
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Excavations from which artefacts are distributed: